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高中英语语法常识点总结:形容词和副词时间:2022-06-18 00:20 浏览次数:
本文摘要:高中英语语法常识点总结:形容词和副词 考向一 形容词、副词的根基用法 1.形容词作状语暗示陪同或成果,并不表达行动的方式。After the long journey, the three of them went back home, hungry and tired. 颠末长时间旅行后,他们三个回抵家,又饿又累。2.有些副词还可以作连词,作副词时常放在句末。

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高中英语语法常识点总结:形容词和副词 考向一 形容词、副词的根基用法 1.形容词作状语暗示陪同或成果,并不表达行动的方式。After the long journey, the three of them went back home, hungry and tired. 颠末长时间旅行后,他们三个回抵家,又饿又累。2.有些副词还可以作连词,作副词时常放在句末。

如: though, (ever)since, in case等 He is old. He works hard, though. =Though he is old, he works hard. 虽然他年岁已高,但他事情还是很积极。3.有些副词置于句首可修饰全句,作评注性状语。如: obviously, naturally, surprisingly等 Fortunately, he was not drowned and was saved by the PLA. 幸运的是,他没被淹死,被解放军给救了。

Happily for her, her stepmother was kind to her. 兴奋的是,她的继母对她很好。4.can not/never 与enough 或too连用暗示:无论奈何都不外分;越……越好。—I was riding alone in the street and all of a sudden ,a car cut in and knocked me down. —— 我正在大街上独自一人骑自行车,忽然一辆小汽车强行超车把我撞倒了。—You can never be too careful in the street. — — 在大街上你越 小心越好。

考向二 形容词、副词的比力级和第一流 1." as+形容词+ (a/an)+名词+ as"暗示同级比力,注意中间的形容词和名词并列时各自地点的位置。It is generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science. 展开全文 人们普遍认为,讲授是一门科学,同时也是一门艺术。2." as+形容词 /副词的原级+ as"与" not as/so+形容词 /副词的原级+ as"暗示同级比力,即两个或两部门人或物在性质上或水平上沟通 (差别 )。

The work is not as/so difficult as you imagine. 这项事情不是像你想像的那么难。3." the+比力级+ of the two +名词"暗示"两者中较……的谁人"。The taller of the two boys is my brother. 两个男孩中较高的那位是我哥哥。

4.a+形容词比力级+ n.…… After two years’ research ,we have a far better understanding of the disease. 研究两年之后,此刻我们对这种病有更好的理解。We went to the USA in search of a better life. 为了寻找更优美的糊口我们去了美国。5.比力级的修饰语常见的有: rather, much, still, even, far, any(用于否认句或疑问句 ), a lot, a little, a great deal, by far, a bit 等。

The students study even harder than before. 学生们进修比以前更积极了。A car runs a great deal faster than a bike. 汽车比自行车跑得快得多。6.第一流 (1)第一流的修饰语常见的有:序数词, by far, nearly, almost, by no means, not really, not quite, nothing like。

The bridge being built now is by far the longest across the Yellow River. 今朝正在建的那座桥是高出黄河之上的桥傍边最长的桥。I’d like to buy the second most expensive camera. 我想买仅次于最贵的拍照机。

(2)否认词+比力级=第一流。There is no greater love than that of a man who lays down his life for his friends. 为伴侣而放弃生命的人的爱是最伟大的爱。—Are you satisfied with what he said at the meeting? ——你对他在集会上说的满足吗? —No. It couldn’t have been worse. ——不,不能再差了。

【巧学妙记】 【难点释疑】 比力级暗示第一流寄义 1. 比力级 +than any other+可数名词单数 The Changjiang River is longer than any other river in China. 在中国,长江比其他任何一条河道都长。2. 比力级 +than all(the) other+可数名词复数 China is larger than all the other Asian countries. 中国比亚洲的其他国度都大。3. no/never/nothing...+比力级 Nothing is more valuable than time. 时间比任何工具都贵重。

4. "否认词 +不定冠词 +形容词的比力级 +名词"或"否认词 +副词的比力级"暗示"从未……;不曾……" This film is very moving. I have never seen a better one. 这部影戏很动人,我从没有看过一部比它更好的。考向三倍数表达法 暗示倍数的句型: (1)A is+倍数+比力级+ than+ B (2)A is+倍数+ as+原级+ as+ B (3)A is+倍数+ the+名词 (size, length, height 等 )+ of+ B (4)A is+倍数+ that+ of+ B (5)A is+倍数+ what 引导的名词性从句 ① This building is three times higher than that one. This building is three times as high as that one. This building is three times the height of that one. 这个修建物是谁人修建物的3倍高。

② The output of this year is 3 times that of 2008. =The output of this year is 3 times what it was in 2008. 本年的产量是2008年的三倍。③ After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced twice as many cars in 2008 as the year before. 自从新技能被引进以后,这家工场2008年出产的小汽车是上一年的两倍。考向四多个形容词修饰名词的顺序 多个形容词修饰名词时,其顺序为: 限定词→数词→描绘词→( 巨细,是非,形状,新旧,颜色) →出处→质料性质→种别→名词 a small round table a tall gray building a dirty old brown shirt a famous German medical school an expensive Japanese sports car 考向五 形容词、副词辨析 形容词副词的区别及用法 1. late 和later He is late. He is half an hour late. 他迟到了,迟到了半小时。

Three minutes later, he arrived. 三分钟后,他来了。2. pleased, pleasing 与pleasant (1) pleased 的寄义是“感应满足,兴奋”,后常跟介词at, with。比方: I'm pleased to see you here. 在这儿见到你很兴奋。

She's pleased with our programme. 她对我们的节目很满足。(2 )pleasing 暗示“令人欣喜的”,相当于“giving pleasure”。

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比方: My sister's progress in dancing is pleasing. 我姐姐在舞蹈方面的进步令人兴奋。The baby has a pleasing voice. 这个婴儿的声音很悦耳。(3 )pleasant 暗示“快乐的,愉快的”。

比方: The girl has a pleasant childhood. 这个女孩有一个快乐的童年。To have a pleasant holiday is my favorite. 过一个愉快的假期是我最喜欢的。3. living, alive 与live (1 )living 作定语时,既可置于所修饰的名词之前,也可置于所修饰的名词之后,译为"在世的,今世的"。

在句中充当定语及表语。比方: Not all living things live on sunlight. 并非所有的生物都依赖阳光保存。My grandparents are still living. 我的祖怙恃仍然健在。

(2 )alive 译为“在世的”,可以在句中作表语及定语。作定语时,位于它所修饰的名词之后。比方: He may be the busiest person alive. 他可能是世上最忙的人了。Is that sheep dead or alive? 那头羊是死了还是在世? (3 )alive 另有“生动的,勾当的,有朝气的”之意。

比方: You seem very much alive today. 你今天看起来很活跃。(4 )live 暗示“在世的”,做“现场直播”讲时可以用作形容词、副词,在句子中可以作定语,表语。The programme is live./The programme is broadcast live. 这个节目是现场直播的。

4. worth ,worthy与worthwhile (1 )worth 意为“值得的”,后接v-ing形式,组成“be worth doing”布局,也可接暗示代价的名词及钱数; (2 )worthy 意为“值得的”,后接“of+名词(或being+ 已往分词)” ,组成“be worthy of+名词(或being done )” 布局或“be worthy to be done”布局。(3 )be worthwhile to do sth/doing sth 比方: This coat is worth one hundred yuan. 这件上衣价值一百元。

This problem is worthy of being discussed. 这个问题值得接头。5. too 、also、either too 和also用于必定句、疑问句,too多用于口语,also多用于书面语,either用于否认句。Too常用在句末,also常用在句中。

Are they coming too ? 他们也来吗? She is young and beautiful, and also rich. 她年青大度,并且有钱。He hasn’ t finished it, either. 他也还没有做完。6. likely 与possible, probable likely 的主语可以是it也可以是名词或其它代词,而possible和probable只能用it作主语。7. most 与mostly most 做形容词或代词,如:most students, most of us;mostly 为副词,暗示大部门环境下,或身分中大部门。

如: 考向六几组难点句型详解 句型1 :A is 倍数+the size/length/weight/height…of B.如: The newly broadened square is four times the size of the previous one. 新扩建的广场是前一个的四倍大。句型2 :A is to B what C is to D. 意为“A对于B就如C对于D。”如: Engines are to machines what hearts are to animals. 发念头对于呆板就如心脏对于动物。句型3 :can't be too+adj. = can't be+adj.+enough无论……都不为过,越……越…… 如: You can never be careful enough. = You can never be too careful.你无论怎么小心都不为过。

句型4 :too…to句型的两个意义 (1) 暗示否认意义,意为“太……而不能”。如: This question is too hard for me to understand. 这个问题对我来说太难理解了。(2) 暗示必定意义,意为“很是,很,极”。

当too后面接easy,ready, eager, inclined, willing, thankful, delighted等形容词时,too暗示“很,很是”之意,与very表达“很”的意思沟通。当too前有all, but, only等词时,形成only /but/all too…to do布局,仍旧表达“很是,很,极”之意。如: I’m too glad to hear that. 我对此感应很是兴奋。返回,检察更多。


本文关键词:高中英语,语法,常识,点,总结,形容词,和,副词,亚搏手机版app下载

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